ART HISTORY SECTION

In the art gallery there important works dating from the 13th century such as the Madonna della Carbonara. The visit includes masterpieces of Benvenuto di Giovanni, the Crucifixion attributed to Michelangelo and the Caravaggio- style works of Barolomeo Cavarozzi, as well as those by 17th Roman artist Domenico Corvi and Giovan Francesco Romanelli.

The Baptist before Herod

The Baptist before Herod by Domenico Corvi

Oil painting on canvas 1756 Domenico Corvi cm. 13×22   With expressive synthesis and bright colors Corvi shows the Baptist being dragged away by an armed man. The work of 1756 and the sketch are different from the other two kept in the Museo del Colle del Duomo for they are of smaller size and…

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Penitent Magdalen

Penitent Magdalen

Oil painting on canvas
Giuseppe Sandri
Second half of the 19th century
cm. 105 x 75

 

The copy of an original Guido Reni done by Giuseppe Sandri for Cardinal Gaetano Bedini, bishop of Viterbo.
In the foreground a female figure identified as the penitent Magdalen while in the upper right there are two angels.
The scene takes place at sunset in a rocky landscape in the countryside. The Magdalen is dressed in white and covered with a long, grey cape. Her head leans on the right hand and is encircled by a thin golden halo through which the rocky wall behind her can be seen.
The long chestnut hair falls softly onto her shoulders and she reaches out her left arm to touch a skull, a traditional attribute of the penitent saint. Her feet are crossed, legs lightly extended giving dynamism to the figure even if seated and apparently still. The saint has an absent look and is surrounded by various objects set on the rock such as vegetables and two books next to the skull and cross. The angels come down to the saint and one of them opens his arms to accept the penitent’s prayers. The first angel with a green veil is sustained by the second one with half closed eyes. Behind them in the distance we see a tree without leaves and the sunset.

The inscription on the retro reads:

“Bolognese Giuseppe Sandri did this commission for S.E. Monsignor G. Bedini Commission Pontificia Straordinaria for the Legations and Prolegato of the Province of Bologna”

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

– F. Pietrini, I vescovi e la diocesi di Viterbo,Viterbo 1948, pp. 107-108.
– Archivio Diocesano di Viterbo, Inventario del capitolo e della mensa vescovile, Viterbo 1865.
– Archivio Diocesano di Viterbo, Inventario dei mobili esistenti nei palazzi vescovili di Viterbo,Toscanella e Palanzana, Cancelleria vescovile di Viterbo 1866, n 232. prot. gen.

 

 

Madonna and Child by Benvenuto di Giovanni

Madonna and Child by Benvenuto di Giovanni

Tempera on panel 15th century Benvenuto di Giovanni cm. 60×43   Painted on gold leaf, with typical symbols of 15th century Italian art such as the star on Mary’s right shoulder, a symbol of virginity and a goldfinch,a symbol of Christ’s passion. The words “AVE GRATIA PLENA DOM(ini)” are inscribed inside the Madonna’s halo. The…

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Madonna della Carbonara

Madonna della Carbonara

Tempera on panel late 12th – early 13th century Unknown of Roman school cm. 40×80   Icon of Byzantine influence representing the Madonna Hodegetria, particular half-lenght portrait of the Madonna holding the Blessing Infant with the Holy Scriptures. The Latin writing on the bottom says: THE VIRGIN GAVE BIRTH TO HIM WHO FALSE WISDOM DENIED…

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St. Mark of Balletta

St. Mark of Balletta

Tempera on panel Francesco d’Antonio Zacchi of Viterbo named “Il Balletta” Date: before 1476 cm 44 x 103   The work has a late Gothic style typical of Balletta during the last part of his life. Balletta was active from about 1430 and the work is probably a later one. St. Mark (San Marco) is…

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Crucifixion

Crucifixion

Fresco
Unknown author
cm 100×150

 

A fresco from San Leonardo Church. It shows a crucifixion with the Madonna, Mary Magdalene and St. John. At the base the commissioner is shown in minor proportions.

Crucifixion of Viterbo

Crucifixion of Viterbo

Oil painting half of the 16th century Surrounding Michelangelo cm. 50 x 40   THE WORK The Crucifixion is traditionally attributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti for its style and backed up by the testament of Count Paolo Brunamonti who in 1725 donated it to the Jesuits of S. Ignazio in Viterbo describing it as “work of Michelagelo…

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Saints Stephen and Lawrence

Saints Stephen and Lawrence

Oil painting on canvas Author unknown 15th – 16th Century (?) cm. 96 x 119,5   The wooden support is three pieces tied together with the middle one slightly bent there are lesions in the pictorial surface along the points of juncture. On the surface there are small holes caused by microorganisms and the color…

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Madonna and Child by Bartolomeo Cavarozzi

Madonna and Child by Bartolomeo Cavarozzi

Oil painting on canvas 1625 Bartolomeo Cavarozzi cm. 128×212   The work of Viterbese painter Bartolomeo Cavarozzi, known as Bartolomeo de’Cescenzi (the Roman family who protected him) shows a Madonna with Child in the classic style without any idealization or symbolism. The Madonna with Child is set in a natural environment: the dark Caravaggio style…

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Battesimo di San Tranquillino opera di Marco Benefial

Baptism of Saint Tranquillino

Oil painting on canvas 1720-1730 Marco Benefial cm. 212 x 170   The work “Baptism of Saint Tranquillino” commissioned to painter Marco Benefial together with other nine canvases (6 were lost during the bombing of Viterbo) by Bishop Adriano Sermattei for the decoration of the Cathedral’s main nave. Of the ten canvases, five referred to episodes…

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